“Lead From the Back, And Let Others Believe They Are in Front.” ? Nelson Mandela
“…The complaint of Africans, however, is not only that they are poor and whites are rich, but that the laws which are made by the whites are designed to preserve this situation.
… There is compulsory education for all white children at virtually no cost to their parents, be they rich or poor. Similar facilities are not provided for the African children… The quality of education is also different… The Government often answers its critics by saying that Africans in South Africa are economically better off than the inhabitants of the other countries in Africa. I do not know whether this statement is true and doubt whether any comparison can be made without having regard to the cost-of-living index in such countries. But even if it is true, as far as African people are concerned, it is irrelevant. Our complaint is not that we are poor by comparison with people in other countries, but that we are poor by comparison with white people in our own country, and that we are prevented by legislation from altering this imbalance.
During my lifetime I have dedicated my life to this struggle of the African people. I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons will live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an ideal for which I hope to live for and to see realised. But, My Lord, if it needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die.” – Nelson Mandela
Born in July 18, 1918, Nelson’s full name is Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela. “Rohlihlahla means the one who pulls the branch” Read: “I Just Knew That There Was Something Inside Me That Wanted Me to Tell My Story…” #DANGHero, Chinua Achebe
After the police killed 69 blacks during a peaceful demonstration in Sharpeville, South Africa, Mandela, who’d become one of South Africa’s most wanted men, was forced to leave his family and take his work underground. He and his comrades endorsed an armed struggle of their own—one that targeted government offices and symbols of apartheid, not people.
Mandela fled his country to travel in Africa and Europe, and when he returned he was arrested and ultimately charged with treason. During his trial, he showed remarkable courage. At 46, in the winter of 1964, Mandela was sentenced to life in prison at Robben Island, South Africa’s Alcatraz.
In 1985, after more than two decades in prison, Mandela shocked the world when he rejected an offer to be released if he would renounce violence. His reason for declining: He refused to leave prison under conditions—and he would not allow himself to be singled out from the men who’d worked alongside him.
But Mandela was indeed singled out when government officials moved him to private quarters in another prison in 1988 so they could hold private negotiations for his release. Responding to the international campaign to free Mandela that had erupted in the 1980s, then-president F.W. de Klerk finally announced to Parliament on February 2, 1990, that he would lift the ban on the ANC and release the man whose long imprisonment had made him a mythical figure. Nine days later, on February 11, as millions around the world looked on in elation and disbelief, Mandela passed through the prison gates a free man.
“As I walked out the door toward the gate that would lead to my freedom, I knew if I didn’t leave my bitterness and hatred behind, I’d still be in prison.”
? Nelson Mandela
In 1992, After a landslide victory, Mandela became South Africa’s leader—and he appointed de Klerk his deputy president.
On 5th December 2013, Nelson Mandela, died at the age of 95 after suffering from a prolonged respiratory infection. He died at his home in Houghton, Johannesburg, South Africa, surrounded by his family.